Convention on Biological Diversity

CBD is the global, legally binding agreement on the conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity, opened for signature at the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil in 1992. Biological diversity - or biodiversity - means the variability among living organisms from all sources and includes diversity within species, between species and of ecosystems.

The CBD has three main goals: the conservation of biological diversity; the sustainable use of its components; and the fair and equitable sharing of the benefits from the use of genetic resources.

The CBD Secretariat is the CPF focal point on forest biological diversity. Furthermore, the CBD supports several of the UNFF elements, in particular Traditional Forest Related Knowledge (TFRK), an issue for which the CBD Secretariat also serves as a CPF focal agency.